The Life Of A Great Man –James Cook

9f2d09037718c50ec3644962e339b8f0Let’s brief the life of the great traveler James Cook in a timeline.

27 October 1728- This year is famous as it was the year when the great explorer James Cook was born at Marton in the province of Yorkshire in England.

1758-While on service in Royal Navy, James Cook learnt the art of military surveying with the help of the plane table.

1763-1767-James Cook studies the coast of Newfoundland by conducting many summer voyages near the shore.

April 1768-Lt. James Cook was appointed to lead the British expedition, HMB Endeavour to the Pacific.

August 1768 – Cook started on his first Pacific voyage. The HMB Endeavour departed from Plymouth and visited Tahiti, New Zealand, and Australia.

3 June 1769 – The famous Observation of the transit of Venus was done at Tahiti.

1769-1770 – The circumnavigation of New Zealand was done for the first time.

28 April 1770 – Cook reaches the Botany Bay in Australia.

10 June 1770 – the ship HMB Endeavour met with an unfortunate accident when it hit against the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. It took around two months for it to get repaired on a place on the banks of the Endeavour River which later came to be known as Cooktown.

13 September 1770 – When Cook reached the Possession Island, he claimed that the British possession of the east coast of the Australian continent is done

July 1771 – The first Pacific voyage of Cook is over.

July 1772 – Cook started on his second Pacific Voyage. HMS Resolution and HMS Adventure depart – travels in Antarctic Circle, New Zealand, Polynesia and Melanesia

1773-The Publication of an official account of the first voyage which was edited by John Hawkesworth

July 1775-The Second voyage ends with the arrival of HMS Resolution in England

July 1776-Cook’s third Pacific voyage starts
HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery depart from Plymouth – They search for the much talked Northwest Passage in northern Pacific passage and also visits New Zealand, Hawaii, Polynesia

March 1777-Publication of George Forster’s ‘Voyages round the world’

May 1777-Publication of official account of the second voyage – written by James Cook, edited by John Douglas

1778- Observations made during a voyage round the world ‘by JR Forster’s was published
May 1777-This year saw the publication of the official account of the second voyage which was written by James Cook and edited by John Douglas

14 February 1779-James Cook was killed cruelly at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii by a group of Hawaiian warriors.

Read also: Life And Death Of Captain James Cook

The Unfortunate Death Of Captain James Cook

download-1485-low_jamescook-2The third voyage of Captain James Cook took him to Kealakekua Bay of the Hawaii Island where he was eventually murdered by the natives of the island during his attempt to kidnap the King of Hawaii. In 1778 Cook was the first European to set foot on the Hawaiian Islands. Initially, Cook and his crew were given a warm welcome by the islanders. Cook restocked his ship with provisions by bartering with the natives using metal. The ship was then commandeered by Cook back to the ocean to continue with his voyage.

cooknavyAfter a year, Cook returned to the Kealakekua Bay. This Bay was considered sacred by the islanders under the protection of Lono, the fertility god of the Hawaiians. Cook and his crew took advantage of the islanders’ religious beliefs and good will and exploited them for three months. When one of the crew members died unexpectedly, the islanders recognized the Europeans as mere mortals and relations between them became strained. Following this strain in relations, Cook set sail on February 4, 1779, from Kealakekua Bay but had to return after a week at sea due to damages caused by rough sea waters.

The natives of the Island welcomed Cook and his crew back by hurling stones. The natives also managed to steal a small cutter vessel from the ship forcing the Europeans to negotiate with King Kalaniopuu for the return of the vessel. In an attempt to take control of the situation, Cook set forth to kidnap the King and his attempt was failed as he was killed by the natives. His ship returned to England immediately following this incident.